Morality and Reason in Thomas Aquinas Philosophy: A Critical Analysis

MORALITY AND REASON IN THOMAS AQUINAS PHILOSOPHY:A CRITICAL ANALYSIS

ABSTRACT

I intended to expose the indepth meaning of reason and morality. Using man as the major point on this discussion, due to the higher rational faculty he possess over other creature. We shall also answer the question as: has reason any influence or part to play in morality? Or put simply, is reason necessarily required for man to be moral? If yes, should reason be the sole factor for morality? But if no, what then? [Read more…]

An Assessment Of The Marxist Doctrine Of Alienation And It’s Relevance To The Nigerian Society

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE MARXIST DOCTRINE OF ALIENATION AND IT’S RELEVANCE TO THE NIGERIAN SOCIETY

ABSTRACT
One of the fundamental issues of most socio-political debate in recent years is ALIENATION, which means “estrangement”. This essay will elucidate the doctrine of alienation in its origin until the era of Karl Marx. Much attention will be focused on the way Marx conceived alienation, its causes, types and effects. Attempt will be made to use this doctrine to explicate the circumstances of the majority of Nigerians, who are predominantly poor.
The approach will be a theoretical exposition of K. Marx theory of alienation. An attempt will be made to juxtapose the arguments for and against the Marxist doctrine of alienation, and how it tallies with the Nigerian society. This will aim at correcting the defective systems of the Nigerian society. [Read more…]

The Notion Addiction And Freedom In Gerald G. May

THE NOTION ADDICTION AND FREEDOM IN GERALD G. MAY

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION
Man shares the possession of life commonly with other living things. But there are other qualities of man, which marks him out in the midst of other beings and other animals. Sensible knowledge distinguishes him from other beings that are not animals. More so intelligence distinguishes him from other animals at the cognitive level but “at the appetitive level, man distinguishes himself by the act of the will with which he freely chooses, among many options, what suits his own being”1. This freedom of man, which depicts another great window for looking into the mystery of man, has always posed a great and intricate problem. In the Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary Freedom is seen as “the state of being able to act, etc, as one wants or the power or right to act, speak etc as on wants without anyone stopping one”2. Battista Mondin in his views as a philosopher, sees freedom as “absence of constriction’’3. [Read more…]

The Relevance Of Heidegger’s Doctrine Of Authenticity In The Evolution Of A True Nigerian Political System

THE RELEVANCE OF HEIDEGGER’S DOCTRINE OF AUTHENTICITY IN THE EVOLUTION OF A TRUE NIGERIAN POLITICAL SYSTEM

CHAPTER ONE

1.0    GENERAL INTRODUCTION.
While philosophy began with wonder and curiosity about the nature of the universe, it progressed uninterruptedly through the ancient and medieval periods and in fact, into the early modern era with its singular object: the search for the ultimate meaning of being. Hence, thinkers like Plato, Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas, Hegel, et cetera conceived being as the most abstract and universal concept. However, their inability to sustain the question of the meaning of being brought in the initial shortcoming of traditional metaphysics: the forgetfulness of being. More so, the Hegelian shift of the consideration of Being to an amazing speculative extreme in the notion of the Absolute Idealism alienated being from the territory of man and his concrete existential problems. [Read more…]

The Concept Of Goodwill In Kant’s Categorical Imperative

THE CONCEPT  OF   GOODWILL IN KANT’S  CATEGORICAL IMPERATIVE

GENERAL INTRODUCTION
Living in a community, man looks forward to attaining good life which is the ultimate desire of every rational being. In order to achieve this singular objective, he embraces morality as one’s obligation and duty. Among rational beings, morality tends to take upper hand in their day to day activities with one another. Kant one of the proponents of this morality had been seen as an ethical formalist, to whom all judgments on the values of ends must be addressed. A brief glance on the meaning of ethics reveals very many questions about moral principles and morality in general. Throughout the philosophical epoch, philosophers’ opinions on the etymology of the word ethics have relegated it to diversified definition. [Read more…]